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Information security dates back to when humans started to maintain secrets in the early ages in the form of physical files and under physical lock and key. The advent of the internet changed everything through technological capabilities and created new vulnerabilities like reverse engineering, hacking, phishing, etc.; giving rise to a critical new industry Cybersecurity.
Cybersecurity or Information Technology (IT) Security is protecting computers, data, networks, and programs to prevent unauthorized access or attacks aimed at exploitation. The world is increasingly turning into a virtual arena, with cyber-attacks becoming a frequent scene. With more intertwining of technology into our daily lives, cyber-attacks or data breaches have become widespread. This has unleashed an enhanced demand for professionals to protect data integrity and combat the threat of cyber security breaches. Cybersecurity has, thus, become an absolute necessity for every enterprise (private or government) in protecting its digital infrastructure. Furthermore, there have been frequent incidents of individuals, businesses, and governments becoming victims of online scams, ransomware, phishing, and hacking.
According to a report by Accenture entitled State of Cybersecurity ResAence 2021, there has been a 125% year-over-year growth in the volume of Cyber-attacks across industries and geography. By 2025, cybercrime and security breaches are expected to cost the world $10.5 trillion annually. The cyber-security market is anticipated to reach $-78 68 million by 2030. The escalating cyber threat landscape illustrates an urgent need to redefine the approach to cybersecurity in terms of R&D, training, and availability of Human resources. There is a massive gap in the demand and supply of cybersecurity technology and experts. This has led to an unprecedented hike in the earnings of cybersecurity professionals, both in salaried jobs and freelancing.
Career in Cybersecurity
The responsibilities of a Cybersecurity Professional are as follows:
The following are some of the most in-demand certifications:
There are some soft skills required to help one grow in a Cybersecurity career (besides a college degree and training certificates):
The following positions are the most m-demand and have the most growth and scope
Network Security Engineer: This is a critical role within every organization. This person ensures that the security systems are implemented within the organization to counter and stop these threats. The primary responsibilities include maintaining systems, identifying vulnerabilities, improving automation, and overseeing the maintenance of allied tools like firewalls, routers, switches, network monitoring, and VPNs (virtual private networks).
Cybersecurity Analyst: Every IT professional should know basic security practices and techniques to protect computers from malicious attacks. Working as a cybersecurity Analyst in an organization requires working very closely with the members of various departments, like the finance and programming team, to build the final structure. Besides creating the architecture, they also develop company policies and procedures for how employees should use the security systems and decide on punitive action in case of lapses.
Cybersecurity Manager: Cyber-security managers are responsible for maintaining security protocols throughout the organization. They create strategies to increase network and internal security related to different projects. They also manage a team of IT professionals to ensure the highest data security standards. The candidates also frequently review existing and novel security policies. They also ensure that the guidelines are currently based on new threats and also perform regular checks on all the software and hardware to make sure there are no loopholes in the security.
Cybersecurity Analysts are involved in planning, implementing, and upgrading security measures and controls. In addition, they also continuously monitor security access and perform internal and external security audits ensuring there are no ambiguities or evidence of security lapse. A Cybersecurity analyst is also responsible for conducting vulnerability testing, risk analysis, and security.
Cybersecurity Consultants: Cybersecurity consultant works independently with businesses to resolve their cybersecurity matters. Analysts must have a comprehensive knowledge of computer hardware. Mostly, companies hire cybersecurity consultants on a contract basis.
Cybersecurity Engineer: A Cyborsocurity Engineer creates and executes secure network solutions to strengthen technology initiatives and take them to the next level. Cybersecurity Analyst in an Organization requires you to work very closely with the members of various departments like finance, sales, marketing, and operations. Additionally, you will secure the company's network against external and internal security threats.
IT Security Administrator: They are hired to plan, implement and troubleshoot information systems designed to protect the company from cyber-attacks and sophisticated security threats. They are typically assigned to computer networks, applications, and databases to ensure adequate protection assessments and manage the network.
Security Architect: A Security architect plays a crucial role in designing their company's network and computer security architecture. A security architect helps in planning, researching, and developing security elements. The professional creates a design based on the company's needs and then works with IT security and consultants. IT security consultants are hired to perform independent assessments of information.
Cybersecurity Investigator: Cybersecurity Investigators are hired to examine how security incidents occurred and recommend additional procedures that should be implemented to prevent these incidents from happening again.