Examination questions and solutions
Glucose, some amino acids and sodium are absorbed in to blood by
The statement is incorrect since they are absorbed in lymph and not in blood
Who proposed the concept of 'geo-politics' based on ocean power ?
Which one of the following is correct ?
Arithmetic mean is a numerical value
Arithmetic mean is not affected by t variability in the data sets
Arithmetic mean is always a positive number
Arithmetic mean is not useful for any furt statistical analysis of the data
Paternoster lakes are
Lakes formed on glacial stairways
Lakes having volcanic origin
Lakes formed by a shallow stretch of wate caused by sea erosion
Crescent shaped lakes brmed due to cut-off of a river meander
Which of the following hormones stimulates growth and development of female accessory sex organs and secondary sex character and also female sexual behaviour?
Gonadotrophic releasing hormone
Juxtaglomerular cells of — produces a peptide hormone called — which stimulates — -
Thyroid, erythopoietin, erythropoiesis
Kidney, erythropoietin, erythropoiesis
Kidney, renin, erythropoiesis
Spleen, erythropoietin, erythropoiesis
Is secreted when BP increases
Atrial natriuretic hormone / factor (ANF) secreted by atrial wall of our heart has exactly the opposite function of this hormone secreted by zona glomerulosa
A hormone not involved in sugar metabolism is
Production, secretion and ejection of milk requires the synergistic effects of prolactin and
Which of the following secretes hormones but is not considered as traditional glandular tissue?
After pvulation, the ruptured follicle is converted into
Stimulates the formation of mammary alveoli
Stimulates milk secretion (Lactation)
The estrogen is mainly synthesised and secreted by
Rupture follicles in ovary
Growing ovarian follicles
Sastrin, secretin, cholecystokinin (CCK) and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) are 4 major peptide hormone secreted by
Only small intestine
The corpus luteum is the structure which
Releases ovum from ovary
Develops in Graafian follicle
Find the odd one out
Insulin, Glucagon, Thymosin
Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoids, Sex corticoids
Relaxin, Oestrogen, Progesterone
Find the odd one out with respect to site of hormones production
Epinephrine, Nor-epinephrine, Cortisol
FSH, TSH, GH
Progesterone, Testosterone, Relaxin
Insulin, Glucagon, Thymosin
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
Testis and ovary function as a primary sex organ as well as endocrine gland
Ovaries are located in thoracic cavity of females
Ovary produces ovum, 2 groups of steroid hormones (estrogen and progesterone)
Ovary is composed of ovarian follicles and stromal tissue
Go through the following points -
I.Regulate the development, maturation and functions of epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle, prostrate gland, urethra, etc.
II.Stimulate muscular growth of facial and axillary hairs, aggressiveness, low pitch of voice, etc.
IV.Act on CNS and sexual behaviour (libido)
V.Produce anabolic (synthetic) effect on protein and carbohydrate metabolism
VI.The Leydig's cell / interstitial cells (present in intertubular space) secrete this hormone under the influence of LH
Above points are associated with — hormones
Androgens (e.g. Testosterone)
Which one of the following part acts as an endocrine gland or tissue?
The target tissues of hormones are those tissues that
Particular hormone can actually penetrate.
Have specific enzymes with which hormones directly interact.
Have high concentrations of the "second messenger".
Have receptors for particular hormone.
Which of the following statements is false?
Growth factors / Hormones are also secreted by specific non-endocrine tissues
These growth factors are essential for normal growth of tissues and their repairing / regeneration
Hormone secreted during allergy is glucocorticoid
None of the above
Which of the following hormones does not act by a second messenger system?
Which of the following is the more scientific definition of hormone ?
They are extracellular messengers
They always act at distantly located target organ.
They are the products of well organized endocrine glands.
They are non-nutrient chemicals that act as intercellular messengers.
"Y" is hormone which acts mainly at the renal tubules and stimulates the absorption of Na+ and water and excretion
of K+ and phosphate ions. Thus it helps in the maintenance of electrolytes body fluid volume, O-P and B.P Y is
Aldosterone / mineralocorticoids
Along with which hormone parathyroid hormone plays a significant role in Ca-balance in the body?
Choose the false one.
Thymus is degenerated in old aged persons resulting in a decreased thymosins production leading to weak immune response.
Cortisol, a type of glucocorticoids stimulates the RBC production.
Small amount of androgenic steroids is secreted by adrenal cortex.
Diabetes is not successfully treated with insulin.
Hormones are regulatory molecules secreted by the endocrine systems in vertebrates. Which of the following state-ments is NOT TRUE for hormones?
Hormones are secreted into the blood circulation system and they act on target organs.
Amino acids are precursors for some hormones.
Hormones can act on the organ that secretes them.
Hormones are always short-lived molecules.
Hormones produce their effect on target tissue by binding to specific ...A... called hormone receptors located in the
target tissues only. ...B... soluble hormones usually need ...C... receptor that generate ...D ...messengers for regulating cellular metabolism. ...E... soluble hormones can pass through cell membrane and bind to ...F...receptors, mostly ...G... receptors. The hormone receptor complex enter the ...H... and mostly regulate gene expression or chromosome function by interaction of hormone-receptor complex with the ...I...
A-Protein, B-Water, C-Membrane-bound, D-Second, E-Lipid, F-intracellular, G-Nuclear, H-Nucleus, I-Genome
A-Lipid, B-Water, C-Membrane-bound, D-Second, E-Water, F-intracellular, G-Nuclear, H-Nucleus, I-Genome
A-Protein, B-Water, C-Intracellular, D-Second, E-Lipid, F-Extracellular, G-Nuclear, H-Nucleus, I-Genome
A-Protein, B-Water, C-Membrane-bound, D-Primary, E-Lipid, F-intracellular, G-Nuclear, H-Nucleus, I-Genome